Hello readers,

This write-up takes a deep dive into full-stack Java development. We will have an insight into what it is? What are the job requirements of a full-stack Java developer? How do I become one? What should be the salary expectations of the devs in this job profile? & more.

This write-up is split into two parts – In the first, I talk about conquering the first two modules of an application that is the front end and the backend application module.

In the second part, I talk about the database component, the importance of having an understanding of web architecture for a full-stack dev, what companies expect from a full-stack Java dev, the salary & much more.

The resources stated in this article contain affiliate links. That means if you find the resources helpful, worthy of spending your money on to educate yourself & you buy a subscription or a single or a few courses. I get a small cut without you paying anything extra.

So, without further ado. Let’s get started.


What Is A Full Stack Java Developer?

A full-stack Java developer works end to end on the application stack, right from developing the front end, the backend module & the database.

The Front End

Speaking of working on the front-end module of the application. The developer should have the knowledge of HTML, basic CSS & JavaScript. Besides these fundamental technologies, companies prefer to use frameworks such as React, Angular, Vue etc. to write their front end module.

Engineering teams pick front end frameworks to –

  • Give a structure to their front-end module
  • Leverage features that these frameworks offer such as breaking up the page into components, re-usability of those components, dynamic loading and so on.
  • Dodging the need to write boilerplate code, as a result speeding up the development process
  • Maintain the code efficiently
  • Have a standard look and feel on the UI

The use of frameworks speeds up the development process as they address the common development issues that the developers would encounter if & when not using a framework.

At the same time, this doesn’t mean that it’s a mandate to use a framework every time we write the front-end module of our application. There are always trade-offs involved when using a framework or a library & it largely depends on the use case.

There is no dearth of UI frameworks available to us. Besides, the popular UI frameworks that I’ve listed above – React, Angular & Vue, there is a plethora of other JavaScript frameworks present for every possible use case. Also, a new wave of UI frameworks & libraries hits us every year that augments the number of JavaScript frameworks and libraries that we have.

Here Are Some Interesting Reads –

The Brutal Lifecycle of JavaScript Frameworks

Does Your Web App Need A Front-End Framework?

To nail full stack development, you should master the fundamentals first that is HTML & JavaScript. HTML is easy it won’t take much time.

ReadHow Long Does It Take To Learn JavaScript?

After you gain confidence with the fundamental technologies, it’s time to pick a UI framework. Having hands-on knowledge of a UI framework such as React will spike your chances of getting a full-stack developer job significantly.

Check out the ReactJS popularity trend over the years

Check out the most popular web frameworks in the StackOverflow survey

According to the same survey, 51.9% of the devs today are or want to be full-stack developers

Now let’s talk about the resources that will assist you big time in getting a grip on the fundamentals of front end development.


Top Notch Resources To Learn Front End Web Development

If you have no experience of writing front-end code. Below are a few resources you can begin with –

W3schools.com

Mozilla web development docs

Both the websites have top-notch educational content on web technologies.

If you are looking for curated online courses, written by industry experts on the domain, that can put you upto speed with web development in much less time. Check out the Become A Front End Developer learning track on Educative.io

This learning track contains 6 courses that will help you begin with front end web development. To begin with this learning track, you do not need any prior knowledge of web development.

Educative.io is a platform that offers interactive courses for software developers. It helps software developers level up on in-demand technologies & prepare for their interviews via interactive text-based courses with embedded coding environments. They have over 300,000 learners on their platform.

Besides the Front End Developer learning track, they have several other courses on front end development. A few of them are –

Typescript For Front End Developers

JavaScript Fundamentals Before Learning React

JavaScript In Practice: ES6 And Beyond

They have another learning track for React – React For Front End Developers

If you are interested in reading all these courses but feel buying each and every course is going to break your bank. You can also buy a monthly or an annual subscription to get unlimited access to all the courses on the platform.

If you follow the courses, it will take you minimal time to acquire the knowledge of front end development.

Now let’s talk about the backend module…


Backend Application Module

Speaking of the backend module of the application, naturally, it will be written in Java. To develop the application backend, the developer should have the knowledge of Core Java, Java EE Enterprise Edition that entails Servlets, REST, JSON API, Asynchronous, Server-Sent events, JPA & so on.

These are the fundamentals that every Java dev should be thorough with.

Besides the fundamentals, we need Spring framework that is the defacto Java framework used in the industry for enterprise application development because of the insane number of features it offers. Spring originated as an MVC framework but today it’s an entire ecosystem.

Be it writing monoliths, microservices, serverless applications, reactive, event-driven, cloud-native application or any other kind of application – Spring framework has got you covered.

Check out all the projects that the Spring framework offers.

Now let’s understand how do we learn all this?


Best Resources To Learn Core Java, Java EE & Spring Framework

Core Java

Speaking of learning core Java, Educative.io offers a learning track comprising of 5 courses – Java For Programmers.

It offers another learning track that focuses on Java coding interviews – Ace the Java Coding Interview.

These two learning tracks will suffice to build a good concept in core Java.

Read How Long Does It Take To Learn Core Java?

Moving on to Java EE which is now rebranded as Jakarta EE.


Java EE Enterprise Edition AKA Jakarta EE

To learn Java EE, I recommend two Udemy courses –

Java Enterprise Edition 8 for Beginners

This course enables the learners to build an understanding on topics like Jakarta EE, JPA, CDI, JAX-RS, REST, JSON-P, JSON-B and much more. With this hands-on course, you’ll learn the fundamentals of Java EE, including its specifications and their implementations.

You’ll acquire the skill of building complex applications using Java EE.  

Check it out


Java EE Made Easy – Patterns, Architecture & Frameworks

This course educates the learners on the fundamentals of Java EE. Learners will understand different architectures such as MVC, common design patterns used in enterprise application development such as Front Controller, Context Object, Façade, Data Access Object pattern & so on.

It also provides an introduction to technologies such as JPA, JDBC, ORM, JTA and many more.

Check out the course on Udemy

Once we are done with the fundamentals of Java EE, we can now move on to learn the Spring framework.


Spring Framework

Below are the courses that I recommend, which will be helpful for learning the Spring Framework

Spring Framework Master Class – Learn Spring The Modern Way

Spring framework master class course on Udemy helps you understand the fundamentals of the Spring framework. It educates you on how the real-world industry projects use the framework, what are the best practices involved and so on.

You’ll learn concepts like Inversion of control, dependency injection, Spring Boot, Spring AOP, Spring JDBC & so on.

Click here to visit the course page


Spring Framework – Beginner to Guru

This course on Udemy is from an instructor who has worked as a Spring consultant in the industry. The course educates you step by step on how to build spring applications using Spring 5 & Spring Boot 2.

You learn to develop applications implementing best practices such as Test-Driven Development, Continuous Integration Testing & so on. You’ll also understand how the data is accessed using Spring Data JPA and Hibernate.

You’ll also learn how to build an end to end Reactive application using MongoDB running in a Docker container.

Check out the course here.

Besides these, there are a couple of dedicated Full Stack Java courses on Udemy, worth mentioning –


Dedicated Full Stack Java Courses On Udemy – Learn To Develop Full Stack Java Applications

Go Java Full Stack With Spring Boot & Angular

This course teaches you to develop a full stack Java application using Angular and Spring Boot using RESTful APIs, Spring Security for authentication & Hibernate on the data access layer.

You’ll learn the basics of Angular that will include – Angular Modules, Components, Data Binding, Routing & so on. You’ll learn a lot from this course even if you have zero experience with Angular, TypeScript & Modern JavaScript.

Check out the course here.

Next up…


Go Java Full Stack With Spring Boot & React

This course is from the same instructor, just the front-end framework has been replaced from Angular to React. Rest of the stuff is same.

In this course you’ll learn the fundamentals of React that will include – React components, JSX, State & props. Again, even if you have zero experience with React, TypeScript & Modern JavaScript. No problem!! 😊

Check out the course here.


Relevant ReadWhat Should I Learn First Spring Or Hibernate?

So, upto this point we’ve covered the front end & the backend application module. Now let’s have an insight into the database component of our application, what database to pick to write our application, the architecture of our web application and more – in part 2 of this write-up.

Here you go